Core inflation in April 2014
NBP data: In April, inflation net of food and energy prices amounted to 0.8% y/y and was 0.3 pp lower than in March. The CPI index stood at 0.3% at the end of April.
On 15 May, Narodowy Bank Polski published data on core inflation indices. In year-on-year terms, inflation:
- excluding administered (state-controlled) prices fell to -0.1% from 0.3% at the end of March;
- excluding the most volatile prices amounted to 0.3%, as against 0.5% the previous month;
- excluding food and energy prices fell to 0.8% from 1.1% in March;
- the so-called trimmed mean (excluding the impact of 15% of the price basket characterised by the highest and lowest growth rates) amounted to 0.1% as against 0.4% a month earlier.
The CPI index, announced by GUS on 14 May, amounted to 0.3% (y/y) in April as against 0.7% at the end of March.
Narodowy Bank Polski computes the four core inflation indices on a monthly basis in order to highlight the nature of inflation developments in Poland. The CPI only shows average price movement across the whole broad basket of consumer goods. By calculating core inflation indices we can address price changes in various segments of the basket. Thus, sources of inflation can be identified more precisely, and future trends forecast more accurately. Furthermore, it can be determined to what degree the observed inflation trend is a lasting phenomenon, and to what extent it is driven by e.g. short-lived price hikes triggered by incidental factors.
The core inflation measure most frequently used by analysts is inflation excluding food and energy prices. It captures movements in prices which are fairly responsive to the central bank's monetary policy. On the other hand, energy prices (including fuel prices) are not set domestically, but determined in the global markets, sometimes as a result of speculation. Also food prices are largely dependent on, among other things, the weather and conditions prevailing in the domestic and worldwide agricultural market.
See also: The NBP announcement on April 2014 core inflation »